History of Arkasa

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History of Arkasa

There are traces of human life that have been found come from the end of Neolithic Era (4.000-3.000 BC.). The first habitants of the island came from Asia Minor and were relatives with pre-Hellenic people who lived in Crete and other Greek islands.


The primitive Neolithic civilization of Karpathos continued to the 3rd millennium, but around 2.000 BC. Minoan colonists from Crete brought economic and cultural development to the island.During Neoanactoric Era of Crete (around 1.700-1.450 BC.) -known also as the Era of Minoan Sea Domination and Colonism, Karpathos seems to have had definite Minoan characteristics.It had a large population and was culturally and economically developed.

The historian Diodoros Sikeliotis mentions that the first people of Karpathos were the first people who were sent by Minoas, then ruler of the Seas to Karpathos as colonists during the period of the Minoan Sea Domination.  After them came colonists from Argos (apparently Mycenaean) with Ioklos, son of Demoleon, as leader. Homer, call the island Crathos, as well as the archaeological references, confirms the presence of Achaians (Greek Mycenaeans) on the island, despite the fact that the Minoan character of the civilization existed till the end of the Bronze Era. Karpathos took part in the Trojan War under the orders of Feidipos and Antifos.  It seems that in those times Dorian population dominated and the four ancient cities known as Tetrapolis which Strabo mentions may have been built from the Archaic times or even from previous years. During the Classic and Hellenistic times Karpathos seems to have had cultural and economic progress.This was due to a great extent to the economic and cultural relations with Rhodes, especially with Lindos.

Tetrapolis :

Ancient city ARKESIA, built little more southernly from the current Arkasa was one of the four ancient cities of Karpathos ARKESSIA the ARKESSINI (the name emanated from then king ARKESIO), Vrikous or Vrykoi (in Olympos Karpathos a city whose site has been identified, by inscriptions, in the vicinity of modern Vroukounta or Vourgounta. ), Potidaion or Possi ( in Pigadia or Karpathos town), Nisyros (Saria Island – a city in the north or north-west of the island, the exact site of which has not been discovered but which is believed to have been located on the islet of Saria (ancient Saros). north tip of Karpathos), that they constituted according to the Ancient Greek History (1494 eg) the TETRAPOLIS.

Then FINIKES said that they discovered the islands Karpathos-Saria and were installed first in them. Later they gave also their name in the current settlement of Finiki.

Today there are marks and signs of this past civilization , the ruins of an old christian season and ancient graves of Mycenae Season, visit the area of Agia Sofia - (AGIA ANASTASIA of 5th century) with her Historical baptistery where she was saved from the pirates and just over the hillside witness  Paleocastro  (CITADEL of Arkesia, or OLD TOWER)  known for medieval slave trade and the women's bargain and a lot of other interesting "discoveries":  Marbles, Mosaic, Ancient walls, Vessels, Graves of German Italian dignitaries of Possession that are rescued today are visible throughout the area and at the Archeological Museum of Arkasa.

The history of ARKESIA was an object of study and the University of Athens, Greek Archaeological Company, the Company of Karpathian Studies and object for various Historical books from Karpathians and not only.