Ancient city of Potideon
Potideon or Posideon was the name once given to Pigadia, the capital of the Island today. The Mycenaean people founded the ancient city of Potideon ,which they also conquered the island of Karpathos during the 14th century B.C. The Mycenaeans built an acropolis on a rocky hill, 23m. high, above Potideon and there is where they left lots of traces of their presence on the island , such as coins and many pieces of pottery.
After the Mycenaeans, the Minoans and the Phoenicians occupied the island of Karpathos. The city of Potideon was deserted around 1,200 B.C. due to many raids on it. The fortune of the city revived after the Dorians came to the island somewhere around 1,000 B.C. During the Dorian rule, the fortified city of Potideon was said to have been one of the most prosperous cities in the area.
Archaeological findings have shed light on the important role of the Potideon for the prosperity of the island. This was mainly due to its strategic situation as a flourishing port city. The ships sent by Karpathos to assist the Greeks during the Trojan War, according to Homer, probably sailed from Potideon. It is also said that a sanctuary dedicated to Athena Lindia was there during the classic times…
Today such ruins can be seen at the west part of the main beach Afoti in Karpathos town.